Kidney Infection

A kidney infection is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI). A kidney infection may begin in the tube that carries urine from the body (urethra) or in the bladder. The infection can travel to one or both kidneys. A kidney infection is also called pyelonephritis.

A kidney infection needs prompt medical treatment. If not treated properly, an infection can cause lasting damage to the kidneys. Or the bacteria can spread to the bloodstream and cause a dangerous infection.

Causes: Bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra can multiply and travel to your kidneys. This is the most common cause of kidney infections.Bacteria from an infection in another part of the body also can spread through the bloodstream to the kidneys. In rare cases, an artificial joint or heart valve that becomes infected can cause a kidney infection.Rarely, a kidney infection happens after kidney surgery.

Symptoms

Symptoms of a kidney infection might include:

Fever

Chills

A burning feeling or pain when urinating

Having to urinate often

A strong, lasting urge to urinate

Back, side or groin pain

Nausea and vomiting

Pus or blood in the urine

Urine that smells bad or is cloudy

Belly pain

Risk factors :

Factors that increase the risk of a kidney infection include:

Being female. The urethra is shorter in women than in men. That makes it easier for bacteria to travel from outside the body to the bladder. The urethra being close to the vagina and anus also makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder.Once in the bladder, an infection can spread to the kidneys.

Pregnant women are at even higher risk of a kidney infection.Having a urinary tract blockage.

Anything that slows the flow of urine or makes it harder to fully empty the bladder can raise the risk of a kidney infection. This includes a kidney stone, a narrowed urethra or an enlarged prostate gland.

Having a weakened immune system. Medical conditions such as diabetes and HIV can weaken the immune system. Certain medicines also can lower immunity. These include drugs taken after an organ transplant that help prevent rejection.

Having damage to nerves around the bladder. Nerve or spinal cord damage can block the feeling of a bladder infection. That can make it hard to know when an infection travels to a kidney.

Using a urinary catheter. Urinary catheters are tubes used to drain urine from the bladder. Catheters are sometimes used after a surgical procedure or diagnostic test. They’re also used in people who are confined to a bed.Having a condition that causes urine to flow the wrong way.

In vesicoureteral reflux, small amounts of urine flow from the bladder back into the tubes that connect the bladder and kidneys. People with this condition are at higher risk of kidney infections when they’re kids and when they become adults.

Complications

If left untreated, a kidney infection can lead to potentially serious complications, such as:Kidney scarring. This can lead to chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure and kidney failure.Blood poisoning. The kidneys filter waste from blood and return the filtered blood to the rest of the body. A kidney infection can cause bacteria to spread through the bloodstream.Pregnancy complications. A kidney infection that occurs during pregnancy can increase the risk of having a baby with a low birth weight.

Prevention

Reduce your risk of kidney infection by taking steps to prevent urinary tract infections. Women in particular may lower the risk of urinary tract infections if they

Drink fluids, especially water.

Fluids can help remove bacteria from the body when you urinate.

Urinate as soon as you need to. Don’t delay urinating when you feel the urge.Empty the bladder after sexual intercourse. Urinating as soon as possible after sex helps clear bacteria from the urethra. This lowers the risk of infection.

Wipe carefully.

Wipe from front to back after urinating and after a bowel movement. This helps prevent bacteria from spreading to the urethra.

Avoid using products in the genital area. Deodorant sprays in the genital area or douches can be irritating.

Many people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) will not have symptoms because it does not usually cause problems until it reaches an advanced stage.

Early stages of CKD

Kidney disease does not tend to cause symptoms when it’s at an early stage.This is because the body is usually able to cope with a significant reduction in kidney function.

Kidney disease is often only diagnosed at this stage if a routine test for another condition, such as a blood or urine test, detects a possible problem.If it’s found at an early stage, medicine and regular tests to monitor it may help stop it becoming more advanced.

Later stages of CKD number of symptoms can develop if kidney disease is not found early or it gets worse despite treatment.

Symptoms can include:

weight loss and poor appetite

swollen ankles, feet or hands – as a result of water retention (oedema)

shortness of breath tiredness

blood in your pee (urine)an increased need to pee – particularly at night difficultysleeping (insomnia)

itchy skin

muscle cramps feeling sick

headaches

erectile dysfunction in men.

This stage of CKD is known as kidney failure, end-stage renal disease or established renal failure. It may eventually require treatment with dialysis or a kidney transplant.check for blood or protein in your urineAlongside your eGFR, urine tests can help give a more accurate picture of how well your kidneys are working.

Other tests

Sometimes other tests are also used to assess the level of damage to your kidneys.

These may include:an ultrasound scan, MRI scan or CT scan – to see what the kidneys look like and check whether there are any blockages a kidney biopsy – a small sample of kidney tissue is removed using a needle and the cells are examined under a microscope for signs of damage.

Kidney …The Important Organ

Our kidneys play many important roles keeping our bodies in balance. They remove waste and toxins, excess water from the bloodstream, which is carried out of the body in urine. They helped to make hormones to produce red blood cells, and they turn vitamin D into its active form, so it’s usable in the body.

Where is kidney located in our body?

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of your spine. Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute, removing wastes and extra water to make urine.

What are the functions of the kidney?
The primary function of the kidney is to make urine and purify the blood. Each kidney removes waste materials, and other chemicals which are not required by the body. Most important functions of the kidney are described below.

Removal of waste products
Purification of blood by removal of waste products is the most important function of the kidney.
The food that we consume contains protein. Protein is necessary for the growth and repair of the body. But as protein is utilized by the body it produces waste products. Accumulation and retention of these waste products is similar to retaining poison inside the body. Each kidney filters blood, and toxic waste products which are eventually excreted in the urine.
Creatinine and urea are two important waste products that can easily be measured in the blood. Their “values” in blood tests reflects the function of the kidney. When both the kidneys fail, value of creatinine and urea will be high in blood test.


Removal of excess fluid
The second most important function of the kidney is the regulation of fluid balance by excreting excess amount of water as urine while retaining the necessary amount of water in the body, that is essential for living .When the kidneys, fail they lose the ability of removing this excess amount of water. Excess water in the body leads to swelling.
Balance minerals and chemicals
The kidneys play another important role of regulating minerals and chemicals like sodium, potassium, hydrogen, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and bicarbonate and maintains normal composition of body fluid.
Changes in the sodium level can affect person’s mental state, while changes in the potassium level can have serious adverse effects on the rhythm of the heart as well as functioning of the muscles. Maintenance of normal level of the calcium and phosphorus is essential for healthy bones and teeth.
Control of blood pressure
The kidneys produce different hormones (renin, angiotensin, aldosterone, prostaglandin etc) which help regulate water and salt in the body, which plays vital roles in the maintenance of good blood pressure control. Disturbances in hormone production and regulation of salt and water in a patient with kidney failure can lead to high blood pressure.
Red blood cells production
Erythropoietin is another hormone produced in the kidneys, it plays an important role in the production of red blood cells (RBC). During kidney failure, production of erythropoietin is decreased, which in turn leads to decreased production of RBC resulting in low hemoglobin (anemia). This is the reason why in patients with kidney failure, the hemoglobin count does not improve despite supplementation with iron and vitamin preparations.
To maintain healthy bones
The kidneys convert vitamin D into its active form which is essential for the absorption of calcium from food, growth of the bones and teeth, and keep the bones strong and healthy. During kidney failure, decreased active vitamin D leads to decreased, growth of bones and they also become weak.

Growth retardation may be sign of kidney failure in children.


How is blood purified and urine formed?
In the process of blood purification, the kidneys retain all necessary substances and selectively remove excess fluid, electrolytes and waste products.

Let us understand this complex and amazing process of urine formation.

Did you know that every minute, 1200 ml of blood enters the kidneys for purification, which is 20% of the total blood pumped by the heart? So in one day, 1700 liters of blood is purified!
This process of purification occurs in small filtering units known as nephrons.
Each kidney contains about one million nephrons, and each nephron is made up of glomerulus and tubules.
Glomeruli are filters with very tiny pores with the characteristic of selective filtration. Water and small-sized substances are easily filtered through them. But larger-sized red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, protein etc. cannot pass through these pores. Therefore such cells are normally not seen in the urine of healthy people.
The kidney’s chief function is to remove waste and harmful products and excess water in the form of urine.
The first step of urine formation occurs in the glomeruli, where 125 ml per minute of urine is filtered. It is quite astonishing that in 24 hours, 180 liters of urine is formed. It contains not only waste products, electrolytes and toxic substances, but also glucose and other useful substances.
Each kidney performs the process of reabsorption with great precision. Out of 180 liters of fluid that enters the tubules, 99% of fluid is selectively reabsorbed and only the remaining 1% of fluid is excreted in the form of urine.
By this intelligent and precise process, all essential substances and 178 liters of fluid are reabsorbed in the tubules, whereas 1-2 liters of fluids, waste products, and other harmful substances are excreted.
Urine formed by the kidneys flow to the ureters, and passes through the urinary bladder and is finally excreted out through the urethra.
Can there be variation in the volume of urine in a person with healthy kidney?
Yes.

The amount of water intake and atmospheric temperature are major factors which determine the volume of urine that a normal person makes.
When water intake is low, urine tend to be concentrated and its volume is decreased (about 500 ml) but when a large volume of water is consumed, more urine is formed.
During the summer months, because of perspiration caused by high ambient temperature, the volume of urine decreases.

During winter months it is the other way round – low temperature, no perspiration, and more urine.
In a person with a normal intake of water, if the volume of urine is less than 500 ml or more than 3000 ml, it could indicate that the kidneys need closer attention and further investigation

Stress Management with Ayurveda

Stress Management

Ayurveda suggests that most individuals have bi-doshic constitution (Vata-Pitta, Pitta-Kapha, Vata-Kapha) in their bodies. These doshas can influence their overall mental well-being. Let’s ‌look at these doshas and how they can influence our mental health.

Vata dosha: This dosha enables our quick thinking capabilities, unlocks our creativity and innovation, and can optimize our intuitive power. People with a dominant Vata dosha may come across life situations that can make them anxious. When dosha levels go up, one may have to deal with fear, anxiety, insomnia, isolation, etc.

Pitta dosha: Pitta dosha helps us with determination, intelligence, competitiveness, and confidence. When these dosha levels go up, individuals may feel more angry, irritated, frustrated, or incompetent. In addition, sweating, heartburn, diarrhea, and hypertension can spike Pitta dosha levels.

Kapha dosha: Kapha energy is associated with strength, steadiness, and reliability. People with a dominating Kapha may often resist change and be stubborn in usually uncomfortable situations. This may lead to high-stress levels. For people with a dominant Kapha dosha, stress may result from comfort eating, lack of motivation, tiredness, lethargy, etc

How Does Body React When You Are Stressed?

When the body perceives a threat, the nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol. This actually prepares your body to be more alert. However, when stress becomes a regular phenomenon, high levels of cortisol can show several detrimental effects on the body. Increased cortisol level is associated with High blood pressure, Sugar imbalance, Muscle stiffness, and Increased heart rate. These physiological effects lead to health issues such as Pain, Fatigue, Low immunity, Sleep problems, Depression & Anxiety, etc.

Stress Management in Ayurveda

Anxiety and depression can take place simultaneously. One of the main reasons why we experience this disorder is because of severe mental stress. Therefore, it is important that we learn to control and manage our stress. This will indubitably make things easier and we will start to feel lighter.

One of the best methods for Stress Management in Ayurveda is meditation. Meditation helps you relax and reset your system.

The other methods in Ayurveda for stress are yoga and practicing mindfulness.

Get counseling from our experts to manage Stress and Anxiety!

Depression and anxiety are often observed to co-exist. Too much mental stress is a trigger that can result in mental disturbances leading to depression or anxiety. Stress is actually a normal physical response to events that make you feel threatened. When you sense danger whether it’s real or imagined, the body’s defence kicks into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight-or-flight” reaction, or the stress response. However, excessive stress when left unmanaged can result in several illnesses including mental disorders such as Depression and Anxiety .

What Is Ayurveda’s Treatment Approach to Depression and Anxiety?

From the Ayurveda point of view, depression is caused due to Kapha imbalance which vitiates the Vata further vitiating the pitta resulting in interference in the normal functioning of the nervous system leading to depression.

The Ayurvedic Management for stress or anxiety reduction begins with proper counselling that examines a patients detailed history, (diet) AaharCharya and (lifestyle modification) Dincharya recommendations.

Practicing yoga and pranayama along with Ayurveda therapies has proven to be beneficial in reversing or halting the progression of the disease.

Dinacharya:

An ideal daily routine is called the Dinacharya. Ayurveda takes into account the nature’s master cycle and suggests activities to follow in dinacharya like Waking up an hour before dawn.

Drink a one glass of warm water.

Brush your teeth and scrape tongue. Massage your body with sesame oil as per your dr advised .

Practice Yoga and breathing exercises/Pranayam.

Meditate for about 15 minutes.

Take a Bath: A bath calms nervous system which releases tension and soothes the mind. Additionally, you can add ⅓ cup Ginger powder and ⅓ cup baking soda to the water to facilitate relaxation and healing. This combination encourages proper circulation, sweating, and detoxification, and is soothing, which is very essential when stress is elevated. Use hot water for kapha and vata, and warm water for pitta.

Have warm, nourishing and wholesome breakfast.

Lunch should be taken between 12 and 1P.M. A short walk is recommended after lunch.

Sleeping in the day is prohibited in ayurveda.

Dinner should be taken around 6 – 7 P.M, at two-three hours before bedtime.

Walk to aid digestion. Massage soles of your feet before going to bed at 9.30 – 10.30 P.M.

Practice Oil Pulling:

Swishing around in mouth and gargling with warm, untoasted sesame oil or medicated oil helps eliminate tension from the jaw, improves the sense of taste, and removes natural toxins from the mouth, teeth, and gums.

Abhyanga (Ayurvedic Oil Massage): This ancient practice of self-massage with oil help calm the nervous system, lubricate and rejuvenates the tissues, and promotes healthy circulation throughout the body. Also, the oil forms a protective sheath around body that can help to buffer the nervous system against stress.

Every morning, before bathing, massage about ¼–½ cup warm organic oil into the skin. Biopurificatory measures like Shiodhara may also help destress.

Practice Nasya: The practice of applying medicated oil to the nasal passages is Nasya therapy. It soothes these delicate tissues, helps in unobstructed breathing, soothes accumulated stress, and supports mental clarIty.

Massage Your Feet Before going to Bed: This practice grounds the energy, soothes the nervous system, decreases stress, calms the mind, and helps in sound sleep.

Read an Uplifting or Inspiring Book:

A good, inspirational read can help the entire system of body to relax and rejuvenate a bit.

Foster Good Relationships:

Often engage in a good laugh, a loving connection, a reassuring hug, a sympathetic ear, and other encouraging relational signs that we are, indeed, supported.

Get Sufficient Rest: A sound sleep is very important to reduce stress. It has considerable restorative functions and plays a major role in repair and rejuvenation of tissues (in the brain and the body), but it also allows for the removal of metabolic wastes and natural toxins.

Exercise: The accumulated tension can be released by regular exercise. Other than tension, exercise is extremely crucial to move inactive mental and emotional energy, and improve the circulation.

Yoga and Meditation:

Yoga moves prana in human body, helps to dissipate tension, clears stagnation, and encourages fluidity, both in the tissues as well as in the mental and emotional spheres. This capacity can be developed through the cultivation of passive awareness with the help of meditation, and a far healthier response to stressful situations can be informed.

Supportive Diet:

A wholesome source of nourishment is essential, it is best to emphasize on healthy, whole foods that are rich in fibre and vitamins.

Avoid

processed foods ,packed food , soft & hard drinks, stimulants like coffee, and refined sugars.

Rasayana therapy:

Ayurveda mentions a number of herbs which promote health in the mind-body of an individual. These herbs specifically bolster the mind and the nervous system, and can help one to face our daily challenges with a sense of ease

Are you suffering from too much stress? Manage it with Ayurvedic therapy!

How Do The Ayurvedic Therapy For Depression And Anxiety Work?

As per the Ayurveda theory, aggravation of prana vayu affects the normal functioning of the nervous system thereby triggering mental imbalance. Hence Ayurvedic treatments for Depression and Anxiety focus on pacifying the aggravation of vata to regain normal functions.

Ayurveda has some excellent therapies to manage anxiety.

Shirodhara and Nasyam have been proven to be the most effective line of treatments to counter anxiety.Stimulation of vital centers through Shirodhara and Nasyam with proper nourishment of the brain helps improve the pre-existing conditions. Moreover Ayurvedic medicines rich in calcified butter helps cross the blood brain barriers and provide nourishment to the brain.

Shirodhara:

This healing massage involves the continuous pouring of medicated oil on the forehead with pendulum motion for a specific period of time. Shirodhara may also include the pouring of decoctions, buttermilk, or even water.Continuous pouring of oil on the forehead stimulates and soothes the hypothalamus to induce sleep by reducing Stress. This therapy is performed for 30 to 60 minutes, depending on the condition of the person. The person is also given a gentle head massage before or during the procedure.Shirodhara boosts the immune system and improves the blood circulation around the head and face to effectively treat Hypertension, Insomnia, Depression, and Jetlag. Abhyangam

A full body massage (Head to Toe) done with medicated herbal oils. Increases blood circulation thereby eliminating toxins from the body. Stimulation of vital pressure points leads to nervous stimulation leading to stress reduction.

Padabhyangam

Herbal foot massage that focuses on vital pressure points to balance the Doshas. Stimulation of vital points induces mental calmness and relief from stress.

Nasyam

It includes administration of medicated drugs or oils through nostrils. It stimulates the vital centers of brain that regulate emotions.

Pizhichil

Pizhichil is the squeezing of warm medicated oil onto the body of the patient from a piece of cloth that is periodically soaked in a vessel containing the medicated oil. The squeezing of warm medicated oils helps the system to retune itself thereby inducing both physical and mental relaxation. The stress and tension building up in the system due to various factors often leads to oxidative stress which can be effectively combated by Pizhichil.

KizhiKizhi

uses powders, herbs, rice, sand tied in a muslin cloth to make small satchels. These powders, herbs, rice or sand sacks are then heated and lightly pounded over the body or specific parts of the body as needed. This leads to improvement in circulation. Enhanced circulation reduces the oxidative stress thereby relieving the psycho-physical symptoms of stress..

Stress in Preteen & Teenage

Good mental health is important for pre-teen and teenage development, strong relationships and resilience.

Strong and loving relationships can have a direct and positive influence on pre-teen and teenage mental health.

Physical health is key to mental health. Encourage teenagers to stay active, eat well, sleep, and avoid alcohol and other drugs.If you’re concerned about your child’s mental health, start by talking with your child.

There are many support options for pre-teens and teenagers with mental health problems.

What is pre-teen and teenage mental health?

Mental health is a way of describing psychological, social and emotional wellbeing.

Your child needs good mental health to develop well, build strong relationships, adapt to change and deal with life’s challenges.

Pre-teens and teenagers who have good mental health often:

1.feel happier and more positive about themselves and enjoy life.

2.bounce back from upsets and disappointments.

3.have healthier relationships with family and friends.

4.do physical activity and eat a healthy dietget involved in activities.

5.have a sense of achievement.

6.can relax and get a good night’s sleep feel like they belong to their communities.

Promoting good pre-teen and teenage mental health .

Your love and support and a strong relationship with you can have a direct and positive influence on your child’s mental health. It can even reduce the chances of your child experiencing mental health problems.

Here are ideas to promote your child’s mental health and wellbeing:

Show love, affection and care for your child in ways that your child likes – for example, your child might like hugs, smiles, pats on the back or quiet time together.

Show that you’re interested in what’s happening in your child’s life.

Praise your child’s efforts as well as their good points and achievements.

Value your child’s ideas and opinions.

Enjoy spending time together one on one with your child and also as a family.

Encourage your child to talk about feelings with you.

It’s important for your child to feel they don’t have to go through things on their own. If you work together on solving problems, it can stop things building up.

Talk to trusted family members, friends, other parents or teachers if you have any concerns.

If you feel you need more help, speak to your GP or another health professional.

Physical health is a big part of mental health. To help your child stay emotionally and physically healthy, encourage your child to do the following:

Keep active. Physical fitness will help your child stay healthy, have more energy, feel confident, manage stress and sleep well.

Develop and maintain healthy eating habits.

Get enough regular sleep.

Pre-teens need 9-11 hours of sleep and teenagers need 8-10 hours of sleep a night.

Quality sleep will help your child to manage a busy life, stress and responsibilities.

Balance screen time and digital technology use with other activities that are good for development.

Avoid alcohol and other drugs.

About Ayurveda Sankalp

Welcome to Ayurdeva Sankalp Clinic India. We were established in the year 2018 with a mission of spreading awareness in Ayurveda and managing chronic obstinate lifestyle disorder. Ayurveda sankalp Clinic was established in the year 2020 with a view to provide people a holistic approach towards preventing and curing diseases through Ayurveda.