Potassium Restriction in CKD

When you have kidney disease, your kidneys cannot remove extra potassium in the right way, and too much potassium can stay in your blood. When you have too much potassium in your blood, it is called hyperkalemia, or high potassium. Having too much potassium in your blood can be dangerous

Why are CKD patients advised to restrict potassium in diet?

Potassium is an important mineral in the body that is needed for the proper functioning of muscles and nerves and to keep the heart beat regular.

Normally, the level of potassium in body is balanced by eating potassium containing foods and removal of excess potassium in the urine. Removal of excess potassium in the urine may be inadequate in a patient with chronic kidney disease and can lead to the accumulation of a high level of potassium in the blood (a condition known as hyperkalemia).

The risk of hyperkalemia is less in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis compared to those on hemodialysis.

The risk differs in both groups because the process of dialysis is continuous in peritoneal dialysis while it is intermittent in hemodialysis.

High potassium levels can cause severe muscle weakness or an irregular heart rhythm that can be dangerous.

When potassium is very high, the heart can stop beating unexpectedly and cause sudden death. High potassium levels can be life threatening without noticeable manifestations or symptoms (and therefore it is known as a silent killer).To avoid serious consequences of high potassium, CKD patients are advised to restrict potassium in diet.

What is normal potassium level in blood? When is it considered high?

The normal serum potassium (level of potassium in blood) is 3.5 mEq/L to 5.0 mEq/L.

When the serum potassium is 5.0 to 6.0 mEq/L, dietary potassium needs to be limited.

When the serum potassium is greater than 6.0 mEq/L, active medical intervention is needed to reduce it.

A serum potassium greater than 7.0 mEq/L is life threatening and needs urgent treatment such as emergency dialysis.

Classification of food according to potassium content:

To maintain proper control of potassium in blood, food intake must be modified as per the doctor’s advice. On the basis of potassium contents, foods are classified into three different groups (high, medium, and low potassium containing foods).

High potassium = More than 200 mg/ 100 gms of food

Medium potassium = 100 to 200 mg/ 100 gms of food

Low potassium = Less than 100 mg/ 100 gms of food

Foods with high potassium content

Fruits: Fresh apricot, ripe banana, chico, fresh coconut, custard apple, gooseberry, guava, kiwi fruit, ripe mango, oranges, papaya, peach, pomegranate and plum

Vegetables: Broccoli, cluster beans, coriander, drumstick, mushroom, raw papaya, potato, pumpkin, spinach, sweet potato, tomatoes and yam

Dry fruits: Almond, cashew nut, dates, dry figs, raisins and walnut.

Cereals: wheat flour

Legumes: Red and black beans and mung (monggo) beans

Non-vegetarian food: Fish like anchovy and mackerel; shell fish like prawns, lobster and crabs; and beef

Drinks: Coconut water, condensed milk, buffalo milk, cow milk, chocolate drinks, fresh fruit juices, soup, beer, wine and many aerated drinks

Miscellaneous: Chocolate, chocolate cake, chocolate ice cream, Lona salt (salt substitute), potato chips and tomato sauce

Foods with Medium Potassium Content

Fruits : ripe cherries, grapes, lychees, pear, sweet lime and watermelon

Vegetables: Beet root, raw banana, bitter gourd, cabbage, carrot, celery, cauliflower, French beans, okra (ladies finger), raw mango, onion, radish, green peas, sweet corn and safflower leaves

Cereals: Barley, general purpose flour, noodles made from wheat flour, rice flakes (pressed rice) and wheat vermicelli

Legumes: red and black beans and mung (monggo) beans

Non-vegetarian food: Liver

Foods with Low Potassium Content

Fruits : Apple, blackberries, lemon, pineapple and strawberries

Vegetables : Bottle gourd, broad beans, capsicum, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, green peas, raw mango and pointed gourd

Cereals : Rice, rava and wheat semolina

Legumes : Green peas

Non-vegetarian food : Beef, lamb, pork, chicken and egg

Drinks : Coca-cola, coffee, lemonade, lime juice in water, and soda

Miscellaneous : Cloves, dried ginger, honey, mint leaves, mustard, nutmeg, black pepper and vinegar

Phyllanthus niruri

Bhumi Amla helps in managing liver disorders and reverses any damage caused to the liver due to its hepatoprotective, antioxidant and antiviral activities.

It also helps to prevent ulcers by reducing gastric acid production as well as protecting the stomach lining against damage caused by excessive gastric acid.

Family name Eubhorbiaceae

Sanskrit :Bhudhatri, Tamalki, Bahuphala

Hindi :Bhui Amla, Bhom Aawali

Marathi : Bhui Aanwali

Bengali : Bhui Aanwala

Punjabi : Patal, Aamla

Kannada : Kirunnelli

Telugu: Nailvusari


This annual herb grows in the rainy season, bears flowers and fruits in winter, and then dries and dies in summer. It is found all over India. Its fruits are round but very small and for this reason they are called Bhudbatri


The plants have very soft stem that are straight, reddish and slightly split.The branches look like spread feathers. The leaves are arranged alternately on the branches and are quarter to half inch long, dense, oblong with rounded tips. They are faded greay on the lower side of the surface. The flowers are single and grow from the junction of the leaves and the branches.

The fruits are round like those of dhati and grow in rows below the branches .

Chemical Composition

One leaves contain bitter chemicals known as hypo Phyllanthine.


It is light, dry, coil, bitter, pungent and a little sweet. It cures cough and thirst, pit, and blood disorders, itching, and wounds.

This is a Magical herb for curing all types of liver disorders.

Medicinal Usage

Mouth problems

Prepare cold decoction of 50 gm leaves in 200 ml water. and use this to gargle. It cures mouth problems.

Swelling of breasts: Apply paste of its whole plant.

Bronchitis and bronchial asthma:

  1. Boil 50 gm of the entire plant in 1/2 litre water till it is reduced to 1/4″.
  2. Give this to the patient in quantities of 1 teaspoonful, twice a day.
  3. It is beneficial for curing cough and bronchitis

Grind 10 gm of its root and give it with 250 ml milk every morning and evening, on empty stomach.

Abdominal pain:
Boil 20 gm leaves in 200 ml water. Strain solution and give in little amounts. It cures abdominal pain & diarrhoea.

Chronic diarrhoea:
Boil its 50 gm whole plant in 400 mil water till 1/4 water is left.

Add 5 gm fenugreek seeds in it.

Give little amount of the solution to the patient.

Give 15 gm whole plant powder with 20 black peppers 2-3 times a day.

It cures even chronic diabetes.
Give 5 gm powder of its seeds with water in which nice has been washed, for 2-3 days. It cures excessive blood flow in menstrual cycle.
Also, its root’s powder can be given in a similar manner.
Liver related disorders:
Grind solid the shade dried fruit and take 10 gm of the grinded mixture in an earthen pot and boil it with 400 ml water till water is reduced to 1/4″.
Strain the solution and give this to the patient in the morning on empty stomach and in the evening, one hour before meal.
It cures liver disorders, jaundice, swelling and ulcer etc.

Therefore, it should not be taken without consulting with a doctor.
Dalchini should be taken under the supervision of your Ayurvedic doctor.

Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bl

Family Name: Lauracea
English Name :Cinnamon

Sanskrit:Gundatvak, Chonch, Twak,
Utkat, Darusita

Hindi: Dal Chini

Gujarati Taj, Bael, Balchi

Marathi:Dalchini, Puharchak

Bengali: Daruchini, Poi


Telugu: Lanvan Vakl

Kannada: Lavang Patte

Persian: Darchini

Arabic: Darsini , Kiphra

Cinnamomun is found in Himalayan region, Ceylon and Malaya. Based on the countries of origin, it is categorized into three forms:


1.Cinnamomum cassia. It comes from China and its bark is thick.

  1. Cinnamomun sp. It is imported in India from Sri Lanka. It is thinner than that found in China, sweeter and
    less bitter. For medicinal purposes, cinnamon from Sinhal islands is the best.

3.Cinnamomum tamal. It is thick, less bitter and when grinded with water, it becomes sticky. Its leaves are known as tejpat. This variety found in India and China is called Taj. Taj does not have oil and only the bark is used. Cinnamon is used as a common spice in cooking.


Its ever green tree is 20-25 ft tall. Its leaves are frontal, leathery, 4-7 inch long and the upper part is shiny with 3-5 veins. When crushed, leaves release a pungent odour. The taste of leaves is bitter.
Flowers are long, and grow in bunches. They also have a pungent smell.

Chemical Composition

Bark contains 1/2% to 1% oil which contains cinnamuldihide and eugenol. The oil is yellow when fresh and then changes to red when kept for some time.
The leaves produce an oil which includes salts of Eugenol.
The seeds also contain 33% of oil.
The roots contain a colourless oil which smells like camphor.

Medicinal Use

  1. Soak a piece of cotton in cinnamon oil and apply on the aching tooth.
  2. Use its 5-6 leaves to brush the teeth. It cleans the teeth& the teeth become shiny, white.

Tooth pain:

Influenza: Take 3 ½ gm cinnamon, 600 mg cloves, 2 gm ginger root. Boil them in 1 litre water till water is reduced to 250 ml. Strain the solution. Give 50 ml of this solution thrice a day. It cures influenza fever.

Deafness: Put 2 drops of cinnamon oil in ears. It cures the deafness.

Cough: Give I teaspoonful cinnamon powder with 2 teaspoonful honey every morning and evening. It cures cough.

Cough, chronic rhinitis:
Give ¼ teaspoonful cinnamon powder with 1 teaspoonful slightly warm honey three times a day. It cures cough.


  1. Apply paste of 8-10 leaves of cinnamon on forehead. It gives relief in headache due to excessive cold .
    After patient gets the relief, wash off the paste.

2 .Apply cinnamon oil on forehead. It cures headache paste due to cold.
3.Prepare paste of cinnamon and apply on forehead,
It cures headache due to cold.

Take 10-20 gm cinnamon powder and 20- 30 gm honey and form a paste.
Use this paste to massage.

Along with the massage, give 1 cup warm water with 1 teaspoonful honey and 50mg cinnamon powder mixed in it, thrice a day to the patient.

Give 2 teaspoonful honey and 1/4teaspoonful times a day. cinnamon powder with 1 cup water, thrice a day.
It reduces the cholesterol level.

Therefore, it should not be taken without consulting with a doctor.
Dalchini should be taken under the supervision of your Ayurvedic doctor.

JOWAR:You want to look sleek &smart, go get Jowar today.

Jowar is commonly called by various names across India- jwaarie, jowar, jola, or jondhalaa and is used to make bhakri, jowar roti, or jolada rotti.

Its English name Sorghum, comes from the family it belongs to, Sorghum Vulgare. Extensively cultivated in Asia and Africa, jowar is a staple source of nutrition in areas that are arid, and it also does not need special care for growing. There are 30 varieties of Sorghum, only one of which is used for human consumption.

It is the 5th most important cereal in the world.


Gluten is a protein found in cereal grains like wheat, barley and rye. This is known to be detrimental for health of individuals with celiac disease. Jowar being gluten-free is also found to be beneficial for people with IBS. Replacing wheat with jowar was found to reduce symptoms like bloating, diarrhoea, constipation, fatigue, headaches etc. Even if you do not come into either of the categories, replacing one meal’s cereal with jowar or any other millet is a good idea.

Contains Excellent Fibre Content:

The fibre in jowar helps keep the bowels moving, which prevents constipation.

It is also associated with lower levels of bad LDL cholesterol, protecting the body against onset of cardiovascular diseases. Eating foods high in fibre helps delay the emptying of the stomach, adding satiety to smaller meals and also slows the release of carbs into the blood stream preventing the “crash” soon after a meal.

People who wish to control their weight must include jowar in their meals.

1.Diabetes Control:

Low glycemic index of jowar itself is a good reason for diabetics to include this grain more often in their daily diet.

Add the high-fibre and good protein content of this grain and you have an excellent diabetic option. Both fibre and protein in food help slow down the release of sugars into the blood preventing spikes and troughs. This not only helps control diabetes but also aids in maintaining a feeling of safety

2.Weight Loss

If weight loss is on your mind, then you may want to shun maida completely from your diet. Replacing maida with jowar flour instead is a much better bet, both in terms of taste and health.

Chapatis made from jowar flour are fibrous in nature that can turn out to be beneficial for the gut and digestive system, further facilitating weight loss, as per health experts

3. Jowar is a complex

carbohydrate that digests slowly. As a result, it leads to stable blood sugar levels. Hence, it is a great diet choice for diabetics and people who want to lose weight.

4.Jowar High in Protein

100 grams of Jowar provides 11 grams of protein, which supplies the body with energy and aids in cell regeneration.

5. Full of Iron

Jowar contains 8.45 mg of iron in every cup. Since the iron in jowar is non-heme (difficult to absorb), pairing it with a source of Vitamin C will give you the maximum benefit.

6. Jowar Good for Bone Health

Because it contains high magnesium levels, jowar helps maintain calcium levels in the body (magnesium increases calcium absorption).

7. Packed with Vitamins, Minerals, and Micronutrients

It contains B vitamins, which help the body build new tissues and cells and potassium and phosphorus. Additionally, Jowar contains traces of zinc, copper, and over 20 micronutrients and high levels of antioxidants.

8. Jowar Improves Digestive System

The high dietary fibre content in Jowar also helps improve digestion. The fibre is a bulking agent that helps stool pass smoothly through the digestive tract.

The whole grain helps improve digestive health and helps to treat conditions like diarrhoea, bloating, stomach ache and constipation.

9. Jowar Improves Heart Health

The abundance of fibre in jowar helps lower LDL (or bad cholesterol) levels in the body, thus reducing the risk of a heart attack. The cholesterol-lowering properties of jowar also reduce the chances of hindered blood flow, arteriosclerosis and plaque formation.The whole grain also contains antioxidants, apart from nutrients like magnesium, iron, and vitamins B and E. As a result, it helps avoid several cardiovascular conditions. Jowar also helps regulate plasma LDL cholesterol concentration while improving the HDL levels in the body.

Can jowar be eaten in summer?

Jowar – Jowar is one of India’s ancient grain and naturally cooling in nature. So if you really want to overcome that weight loss plateau this summer, then bring Jowar rotis or bhakris back on your plate. … Its also popular in India as a brain food.

You want to look sleek and smart, go get Jowar today.

About Ayurveda Sankalp

Welcome to Ayurdeva Sankalp Clinic India. We were established in the year 2018 with a mission of spreading awareness in Ayurveda and managing chronic obstinate lifestyle disorder. Ayurveda sankalp Clinic was established in the year 2020 with a view to provide people a holistic approach towards preventing and curing diseases through Ayurveda.